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What ETF Tracks Bitcoin: An Australian Guide

Last Updated on January 31, 2024

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As the world of digital currency gains momentum, many Australian investors are looking for a safe and accessible way to enter the cryptocurrency market. A popular choice for achieving this is through Bitcoin ETFs. In this guide, we will explore various facets of these innovative investment vehicles, which combine the advantages of ETFs and cryptocurrencies to track the price of Bitcoin. As a result, investors can gain exposure to the world of digital assets, all within a familiar regulated framework. The market has witnessed noteworthy milestones, including the launch of the first spot Bitcoin ETFs and the Betashares crypto equities ETF (ASX: CRYP).

Key Takeaways

  • Bitcoin ETFs offer an accessible way for Australian investors to gain exposure to cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin.
  • These investment vehicles track the price of Bitcoin and are tradeable on traditional and regulated securities exchanges.
  • ASIC provides guidelines and regulation for Bitcoin ETFs in Australia, ensuring market integrity and investor protection.
  • Spot and futures Bitcoin ETFs each have their advantages and drawbacks, requiring careful consideration before investing.
  • The growth of Bitcoin ETFs in Australia highlights the increasing popularity and mainstream acceptance of cryptocurrencies.

Unveiling Bitcoin ETFs and How They Function

Bitcoin ETFs are investment vehicles designed to provide exposure to Bitcoin’s price through regulated markets, enabling investors to access the cryptocurrency without holding the asset directly. There are two main types of Bitcoin ETFs: spot and futures ETFs, with each offering unique benefits and risks.

  1. Spot Bitcoin ETFs – These ETFs are backed by physically held Bitcoin and directly reflect the price movement of the digital currency.
  2. Futures Bitcoin ETFs – Instead of holding physical Bitcoin, these ETFs are invested in Bitcoin futures contracts that predict the future price of Bitcoin, which can trade at a premium or discount to the current spot price.

Spot Bitcoin ETFs provide investors with a clear reflection of Bitcoin’s price movement, while futures ETFs offer exposure to the cryptocurrency market through contracts rather than the direct ownership of Bitcoins. Each approach has its merits, depending on an investor’s objectives and risk tolerance.

Bitcoin ETFs function as regulated investment instruments for investors seeking a market-worthy alternative to directly investing in cryptocurrencies.

Some notable examples of Bitcoin ETFs include the ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO), which was the first futures-based Bitcoin ETF launched in the United States, and the VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF that closely followed its launch. In addition, potential filings, such as the iShares by BlackRock, are anticipated to bolster accessibility to the cryptocurrency market through ETFs.

ETF Type Key Features Associated Risks
Spot Bitcoin ETFs -Backed by physical Bitcoin
-Directly reflects Bitcoin’s price movement
-Fluctuations in the market
-Risks associated with storing and securing physical Bitcoin
Futures Bitcoin ETFs -Invested in Bitcoin futures contracts
-Offers market exposure without holding Bitcoin directly
-Rolling futures contracts
-Decay and divergence risks
-Potential for a widening gap between contract and spot prices

Investing in Bitcoin ETFs allows traditional investors to access the cryptocurrency market through regulated and transparent investment products. Understanding the nuances between spot and futures ETFs can help individuals make informed decisions about the most suitable option for their requirements.

The Landscape of Bitcoin ETFs in Australia: Launches and Regulatory Insights

Australia’s developing market for Australian Bitcoin ETFs emerged once the Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) set forth guidelines for digital asset ETFs. By prioritizing market integrity and investor protection, ASIC has paved the way for a new era of Spot Bitcoin ETF investment in Australia, fostering increased interest in digital currency investment through regulated products.

Spot Bitcoin ETFs Down Under: A New Investment Era

The introduction of Australia’s first Bitcoin spot ETFs marked a turning point in the nation’s cryptocurrency investment landscape. These ASIC-regulated Bitcoin ETFs allow for direct exposure to Bitcoin, while shielding investors from the complications associated with traditional cryptocurrency exchange platforms and digital wallets. The launch of Betashares’ crypto equities ETF (ASX: CRYP) added another dimension to the local market, providing investors access to companies integral to the crypto economy, such as Coinbase and RIOT Blockchain.

How Regulatory Frameworks Shape Australian Bitcoin ETFs

The Australian Bitcoin ETF regulations have been meticulously constructed by ASIC to maintain market security and investor transparency. By setting the stage for future ETF offerings, the ASIC guidelines for cryptocurrency ETFs have successfully addressed concerns surrounding pricing and the robustness of the market. Consequently, superannuation funds in Australia are exploring investment opportunities within the sector, guided by the regulatory clarity established by ASIC, ultimately expanding the scope for institutional engagement in the crypto sphere.

β€œASIC’s guidelines for digital asset ETFs provide a strong foundation for the growth and development of the Australian Bitcoin ETF market, ensuring investor protection and market integrity.”

Bitcoin Spot ETFs Crypto Equities ETF
Provide direct exposure to the price of Bitcoin Focus on companies integral to the crypto economy
Regulated by ASIC Traded on the ASX, providing a diversified investment approach
Eliminate the need for digital wallets and navigating crypto exchanges Examples: Coinbase and RIOT Blockchain

As developments within the sector continue to unfold, the market for investment security in digital currency ETFs has gradually improved. The progress made in Australia’s Bitcoin ETF environment is a testament to the continued adoption of cryptocurrencies as legitimate investment options. With clear regulatory frameworks in place, Australian investors can now enjoy increased access and flexibility in Bitcoin ETF investment opportunities.

Comparing the Pros and Cons of Bitcoin Spot and Futures ETFs

When considering an ETF investment strategy, understanding the Bitcoin ETF pros and cons is crucial. This section examines the advantages and disadvantages of Bitcoin Spot ETFs and Bitcoin Futures ETFs, highlighting factors investors must weigh against personal investment goals and risk tolerance.

Bitcoin Spot and Futures ETFs comparison

  • Direct exposure to Bitcoin price: Spot ETFs provide direct access to the Bitcoin market price, allowing investors a closer tracking of the important price movements.
  • Physical custody of Bitcoin: Spot ETFs hold physical Bitcoin, assuring investors that the fund’s net asset value (NAV) matches the market price of the underlying cryptocurrency.
  • Simplified tax reporting: Spot ETFs trade on regulated stock exchanges, offering traditional tax documentation for investors.

Disadvantages of Bitcoin Spot ETFs:

  • Limited trading hours: Spot Bitcoin ETFs are bound by traditional stock exchange trading hours, potentially limiting opportunities for price action outside these windows.
  • Potential premium or discount to NAV: In some cases, the market price of the ETF may deviate from the NAV, resulting in a premium or discount.
  • Additional costs: Investors may incur costs related to managing the ETF, such as expense ratios and trading commissions.

Advantages of Bitcoin Futures ETFs:

  • No custody risks: Since Bitcoin Futures ETFs invest in contracts rather than physical Bitcoin, they eliminate the risks associated with holding and safeguarding the cryptocurrency.
  • Potential cost advantage: It is possible that investing in futures contracts may prove more cost-effective than buying and custodying physical Bitcoin.

Disadvantages of Bitcoin Futures ETFs:

  • Derivative exposure: Bitcoin Futures ETFs offer indirect exposure to Bitcoin, making them potentially more susceptible to market volatility and deviating from the underlying cryptocurrency’s price.
  • Rolling contracts risk: Futures contracts must be rolled over into longer-term contracts as they approach expiration, which introduces the risks of decay and divergence due to the costs associated with the roll.
  • Complex tax reporting: The taxation of futures contracts can be more complicated than that of spot ETFs, possibly increasing reporting burdens for investors.

Ultimately, the decision between Bitcoin Spot ETFs and Bitcoin Futures ETFs depends on the investor’s objectives and risk appetite. Spot ETFs offer a more direct and secure exposure to Bitcoin, while Futures ETFs provide potential cost advantages and eliminate custody risks. However, futures-based ETFs may face risks associated with rolling contracts and complex tax reporting. Evaluate these factors carefully to make an informed choice for your cryptocurrency ETF investment experience.


As the cryptocurrency market continues to grow, Australian investors now have access to a variety of investment opportunities through Bitcoin ETFs. This development signifies a notable milestone in the digital assets market, providing regulated, secure, and familiar investment platforms via spot and futures Bitcoin ETFs.

Spot Bitcoin ETFs allow for direct exposure to the cryptocurrency market, while futures ETFs offer varying levels of risk and potential rewards. With expanded ETF trading options in Australia, investors have greater opportunities for smart Bitcoin investment and portfolio diversification. As the cryptocurrency market remains dynamic, investors must carefully consider their personal investment goals and risk tolerance in deciding between spot and futures-focused funds.

Not only have these innovations in the Bitcoin ETF market broadened crypto investment options for Australians, but they also support the ongoing growth and maturation of the cryptocurrency market. As both digital assets and conventional investments continue to evolve, Australian investors can expect more opportunities to diversify, engage, and expand their holdings, enhancing their financial future in the process.


What is the purpose of a Bitcoin ETF and how does it function?

A Bitcoin ETF is an investment vehicle designed to track the market price of Bitcoin through regulated securities exchanges. It combines the benefits of traditional ETF investments with the growing digital asset class of cryptocurrencies. Investors can access Bitcoin through two main types: spot Bitcoin ETFs, backed by physical Bitcoin, and futures Bitcoin ETFs, holding Bitcoin futures contracts rather than physical coins.

How are Bitcoin ETFs regulated in Australia?

The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) regulates Bitcoin ETFs in Australia, ensuring market security and investor transparency. ASIC has issued guidelines for digital asset ETFs to address concerns like pricing and market robustness and to set the stage for future ETF offerings.

What are the differences between spot and futures Bitcoin ETFs?

Spot Bitcoin ETFs provide direct exposure to Bitcoin’s market price and closely track its fluctuations. However, they are limited by traditional stock exchange trading hours. Futures Bitcoin ETFs offer potential cost advantages and avoid the need for physical custody of Bitcoin. However, they deal with rolling futures contracts, which introduce risks of decay and divergence in their performance compared to the spot price.

What are some noteworthy Bitcoin ETFs available to Australian investors?

Australian investors have access to the first Bitcoin spot ETFs launched on May 12, 2022, which provide direct Bitcoin exposure through a regulated framework. Additionally, Betashares’ crypto equities ETF (ASX: CRYP), launched in November 2021, offers a more diversified approach, investing in companies that support the crypto economy like Coinbase and RIOT Blockchain.

What are the benefits of investing in Bitcoin ETFs for Australians?

Bitcoin ETFs offer a familiar investment environment for Australians by combining the advantages of ETFs with the potential of cryptocurrency investments. They provide a regulated alternative to directly investing in cryptocurrencies, avoid the need for wallets or signing up for crypto exchanges, and offer opportunities for diversification within both spot and futures ETFs.

About The Author

Adam Headshot
Written by

Co-Founder / Managing Editor

Adam Morris, the co-founder of Crypto Head and a respected crypto expert, offers insightful commentary and analysis on cryptocurrency, NFTs, and the evolving digital landscape.

His extensive experience and features in top-tier publications like Forbes and CNN underscore his deep understanding of the crypto world and its future potential.

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